Lyubov A. Shmakova



  • 2001- 2004: PhD student of the Soil Cryology Laboratory, Institute of Physical chemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Theme is "Viable protists from permafrost"
  • 1996-2001: Undergraduate student of the Department of Invertebrate Zoology of the Faculty of Biology & Soil Science of Kazan State University. Thesis is "Littoral communities of White and Barents Seas"
  • 2001;2004: 1985-1995: Secondary school education; secondary schools № 23, Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan


Current research interests

Field work experience



Current research interests

  • Cryopreservation of amoeboid protists in permafrost.
  • Biodiversity and community composition of the soil amoeboid protists in Arctic region.
  • Metagenomics of ancient artic soils.

Field work experience

  • Paleoecological expedition "Beringia 2009", Kolyma lowland, Yakutia, 2009
  • Paleoecological expedition "Beringia 2006", Coast East-Siberian Sea, Chroma river, Allaikha river, Yakutia, 2006
  • Paleoecological expedition "Beringia 2004", Coast East-Siberian Sea, Chroma river, Allaikha river, peninsula Bykovskii, Yakutia, 2004
  • Paleoecological expedition "Beringia 2003", peninsula Bykovskii, Yakutia, 2003
  • Paleoecological expedition "Beringia 2002" volcano Plossky Tolbachic, Kamchatka, 2002
  • Expedition on the coast of the White Sea and Barents Sea. Kazan State University, 1999



Rivkina, E., Petrovskaya, L., Vishnivetskaya, T., Krivushin, K., Shmakova, L., Tutukina, M., Meyers, A., and Kondrashov, F. Metagenomic analyses of the late Pleistocene permafrost – additional tools for reconstruction of environmental conditions, Biogeosciences, 13, 2207-2219, doi:10.5194/bg-13-2207-2016, 2016.

Shmakova L., Bondarenko N., Smirnov A. Viable species of Flamella (Amoebozoa: Variosea) isolated from ancient Arctic permafrost sediments. Protist, 2016, Vol. 167, 13–30

Matthieu Legendre , Audrey Lartigue , Lionel bertaux , Sandra Jeudy , Julia Bartoli , Magali Lescot , Jean-Marie Alempic , Claire Ramus , Christophe Bruley , Karine Labadie , Lyubov Shmakova , Elizaveta Rivkina , Yohann Couté , Chantal Abergel, Jean-Michel Claverie In-depth study of Mollivirus sibericum, a new thirty-thousand-year-old giant virus infecting Acanthamoeba PNAS 2015 201510795

Rivkina, E., Petrovskaya, L., Vishnivetskaya, T., Krivushin, K., Shmakova, L., Tutukina, M., Meyers, A., and Kondrashov, F.: Metagenomic analyses of the late Pleistocene permafrost – additional tools for reconstruction of environmental conditions, Biogeosciences Discuss., 12, 12091-12119, doi:10.5194/bgd-12-12091-2015, 2015.

Shmakova L.A., Rivkina E.M. Viable Eukaryotes of the phylum Amoebozoa from the Arctic permafrost Paleontological Journal, 2015, Vol. 49, No. 6, pp. 572–577

LA Shmakova, DG Fedorov-Davydov, EM Rivkina Amoeboid protists of the permafrost soils of Kolyma lowland. Soil Science, 2014, № 1

Matthieu Legendre, Julia Bartoli, Lyubov Shmakova, Sandra Jeudy, Karine Labadie, Annie Adrait, Magali Lescot, Olivier Poirot, Lionel Bertaux, Christophe Bruley, Yohann Couté, Elizaveta Rivkina, Chantal Abergel, and Jean-Michel Claverie Thirty-thousand-year-old distant relative of giant icosahedral DNA viruses with a pandoravirus morphology PNAS 2014 111 (11) 4274-4279; published ahead of print March 3, 014, doi:10.1073/pnas.1320670111

N.E. Demidov, D.A. Gilichinsky, V.A. Mironоv, L. A. Shmakova. Cryobiosphere of Earth and the search of life on Mars Earth Cryosphere, 2012, Том XVI, № 4, с. 67-82

A.V. Shatilovich, L.A. Shmakova, S.V. Gubin, D.A. Gilichinsky (2010) Viable protists in arctic permafrost. Earth Cryosphere 2010, т. XIV, № 2, с. 69–78

Podlipaeva, Iu. I., Shmakova, L.A., Gilichinskiĭ, D. A., and Gudkov, A. V. (2006) Heat shock protein of HSP70 family revealed in some contemporary freshwater Amoebae and in Acanthamoeba sp. from cysts isolated from permafrost samples. Tsitologiia 48: 691-4.

Shatilovich, A., L. Shmakova, S. Gubin, A. Gudkov & D. Gilichinsky. 2005. Viable protozoa in late Pleistocene and Holocene permafrost sediments. In Doklady Biological Sciences, 136-138. Springer

Chapters in monographs

Kirill Krivushin, Fyodor Kondrashov, Lyubov Shmakova, Mariya Tutukina, Lada Petrovskaya, Elizaveta Rivkina. Two Metagenomes from Late Pleistocene Northeast Siberian Permafrost. 2015, Genome Announcements, Volume 3 Issue 1 e01380-14

L.A.Shmakova, E.V.Spirina, A.V.Shatilovich, D.G.Fedorov-Davydov D.V.Tihonenkov, S.V.Goryachkin, D.A.Gilichinsky. Microbial communities and protistofauna of permafrost soils. pp. 428-443. Terrestrial and marine ecosystems. - M.: Paulsen, 2011. - 448s

Shatilovich A., L. Shmakova, A. Mylnikov, D. Gilichinsky, (2009) Ancient Protozoa isolated from Permafrost / (R Margesin, ed.) Permafrost Soil, Springer Verlag, Part II, Chapter 8:96-115.